Additional resources

  1. The 2019 PENTA Guidelines for the use of antiretroviral therapy in paediatric HIV infection (last updated 17 September 2019).
  2. Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (UK).
  3. Panel on Treatment of HIV-Infected Pregnant Women and Prevention of Perinatal Transmission. Recommendations for Use of Antiretroviral Drugs in Pregnant HIV-1-Infected Women for Maternal Health and Interventions to Reduce Perinatal HIV Transmission in the United States. Available at:
  4. British HIV Association (BHIVA). Guidelines for the management of HIV infection in pregnant women. Second interim update 2019 Available at:
  5. HIV through breastfeeding, a look at available evidence, UNAIDS 2008
  6. HIV and Pregnancy Clinical Practice Guidelines for Managing HIV in Pregnancy, Childbirth and Post Partum. Available at: